A chalazion is a swelling in the eyelid caused by inflammation of one of the small oil producing glands located in the upper and lower eyelids. A chalazion is sometimes confused with a stye which also appears as a lump in the eyelid. A stye is an infection of a lash follicle that forms a red, sore lump near the edge of the eyelid.
A chalazion is an inflammatory reaction to trapped oil secretions. It is not caused by bacteria, although the site can become infected by bacteria as well. Chalazions tend to occur farther from the edge of the eyelid than styes and tend to “point” toward the inside of the eyelid.
Sometimes a chalazion can cause the entire eyelid to swell suddenly, but usually there is a definite tender point.
How is a Chalazion treated?
When a chalazion is small and without symptoms, it may disappear on its own. If the chalazion is large, it may cause blurred vision by distorting the shape of the eye. Chalazions are treated with any or combination of the following methods:
- Warm Compresses
- Steroid Injections
- Surgical incision or excision
An appointment with Dr. Montoya will be necessary if warm compresses do not affect the chalazion.